Tag Archives: Verbs

The difference between “consist of” and “consist in”

Until relatively recently I was not aware of the difference between “consist of” and “consist in”. This is probably because among native English speakers “consist in” is very infrequently used in comparison to “consist of”, which is relatively common. In … Continue reading

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The difference between “affect” and “effect”

Generally speaking, the difference is this: “affect” is a verb meaning to have an influence on, to cause a change in something (often negative), “effect” is a noun meaning a result. So, for example: If an area is affected by flooding, … Continue reading

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How to use the word “control”

“Control” can be either a noun or a verb. It is commonly misused in both instances. “Control” as a noun WRONG As the Branch is an organisational part of the Company, the public authorities may ask for these documents in … Continue reading

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Is it OK to split infinitives?

One of the most famous examples of a split infinitive is in the introduction of the original Star Trek TV series: “to boldly go where no man has gone before”. The infinitive “to go” has been split by the addition … Continue reading

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How to use “prevent”, “prohibit” and “ban”

WRONG The Lease does not provide for a period of time during which the Tenant is prevented to use the Premises. RIGHT The Lease does not provide for a period of time during which the Tenant is prevented from using … Continue reading

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How to translate “sprecyzować”

“Sprecyzować” CANNOT be translated as “precise”. “Precise” is an adjective (przymiotnik), while “sprecyzować” is a verb (czasownik). Nonetheless, mistakes like the one below are very common: WRONG The agreement does not precise which of its terms survive its termination. I … Continue reading

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When is it correct to use “to” plus –ing (part 2)

I said in the last post that when “to” acts as a preposition it is usually followed by an –ing form or a noun/noun phrase. Now we will look at exceptions to this rule. The most important exception relates to … Continue reading

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