to saddle (somebody) with
to give some a difficult task or responsibility: It’s going to a nightmare sorting out all that documentation. Apparently Jack’s been saddled with it.
to sail through
to find something very easy: Don’t worry about the final exam. You’ll sail through it.
to save (something) up
to collect or store something (usually money) for future use: Henry’s not going skiing this year. He’s saving up to buy a motor boat.
to scale (something) down
to make smaller than originally planned: Due to the recession, we’re scaling down our operations in Indonesia.
to scale (something) up
to make larger than originally planned: Due to the favourable exchange rate we’re scaling up our operations in Singapore.
to sell (something) off
to sell something, often cheaply because you need the money: Due to falling profits the company is forced to sell off its holdings in Italy.
to sell out
to run out of something because it has all been bought: The snack bar has sold out of cookies.
to give up artistic/creative integrity in return for commercial success: Small companies are often accused of selling out when they’re bought by big firms.
to sell up
to sell a house and move somewhere else or sell a business and do something else: Dave has apparently decided it’s time to sell up and move on.
to shake up
to upset or shock: The news about Deutsche Bank has really shaken up the market.
Similarly the compound noun “shake-up” means a shock.
to shape up
to improve: The market has shaped up a lot in the past year, and we’ve seen corresponding growth in profits.
to shell out
to spend a lot of money on something: I don’t understand why the boss thinks it’s OK to shell out so much money on renovating the conference room.
to shop around
to look for a good deal: If you want to find value-for-money office space you’ll need to spend a lot of time shopping around.
to shut (something) down
to close a business: BigCo was shut down two years ago after a hostile takeover.
to sign up
to subscribe: Ten people have signed up for the weekend training.
to be snowed under
to have a lot of work: We’ve been snowed under all week working on the Geronimo project.
to sort (something) out
to resolve a problem: HR have finally sorted out the problem with Sharon’s work permit. She can start work on Monday.
to spark (something) off
to cause something (usually unpleasant) to happen: The case has sparked off nationwide industrial action.
to stand in for somebody
to act as a replacement: While Douglas is away on sabbatical Andrea will stand in for him.
Similarly, the compound noun “stand-in” means a replacement.
to step down
to resign: Douglas won’t be coming back from his sabbatical. He’s decided to step down.
to step (something) up
to increase: Next year we aim to step up activity in the Middle East.